The Bengal tiger, additionally called the regal Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris), is the most various tiger subspecies. It is the national creature of both India and Bangladesh. By 2011, the aggregate populace was evaluated at less than 2,500 people with a diminishing pattern. None of the Tiger Conservation Landscapes inside the Bengal tiger's extent is viewed as sufficiently vast to bolster a compelling populace size of 250 grown-up people. Since 2010, it has been delegated jeopardized by the IUCN.
Starting 2010, Bengal tiger populaces in India have been evaluated at 1,706–1,909. As of 2014, they had supposedly expanded to an expected 2,226 individuals, however the technique utilized as a part of the registration may not be accurate.
Bengal tigers number around 440 in Bangladesh and 163–253 in Nepal. Prior censuses set the number of inhabitants in tigers in Bhutan at around 65-75 people, nonetheless, the most recent evaluation assessed that 103 wild Bengal tigers are living in the country.
Bengal is generally altered as the common territory for the binomen Panthera tigris, to which the British taxonomist Reginald Innes Pocock subordinated the Bengal tiger in 1929 under the trinomen Panthera tigris tigris.
The Bengal tiger's jacket is yellow to light orange, with stripes going from dim cocoa to dark; the paunch and the inside parts of the appendages are white, and the tail is orange with dark rings. The white tiger is a latent mutant of the Bengal tiger, which is accounted for in the wild occasionally in Assam, Bengal, Bihar and particularly from the previous State of Rewa. In any case, it is not to be mixed up as an event of albinism. Truth be told, there is stand out completely confirmed instance of a genuine pale skinned person tiger, and none of dark tigers, with the conceivable exemption of one dead example analyzed in Chittagong in 1846.
Male Bengal tigers have a normal aggregate length of 270 to 310 cm (110 to 120 in) including the tail, while females measure 240 to 265 cm (94 to 104 in) on average. The tail is commonly 85 to 110 cm (33 to 43 in) long, and by and large, tigers are 90 to 110 cm (35 to 43 in) in stature at the shoulders. The heaviness of guys reaches from 180 to 258 kg (397 to 569 lb), while that of the females ranges from 100 to 160 kg (220 to 350 lb).The littlest recorded weights for Bengal tigers are from the Bangladesh Sundarbans, where grown-up females are 75 to 80 kg (165 to 176 lb).Bengal tigers have especially forceful teeth, and the canines are the longest among every single living felid; measuring from 7.5 to 10 cm (3.0 to 3.9 in) in length.